Application of Innovation of police patrol duty- Combined with NFC and GPS
巡邏勤務乃警察勤務的核心工作項目之一，具有提高見警率、主動發現問題及遏阻危害發生之功能，是警察最常執行的勤務方式。也由於巡邏勤務的重要性，督導人員乃透過督導管理機制，希望執勤員警能落實巡邏勤務，發揮犯罪預防工作。然時至今日，警察機關巡邏簽章仍採用紙本簽章作業，而此種巡邏簽章方式，最另人詬病的缺點是：巡邏人員可以任意的填寫巡簽時間，易有預簽、代簽及補簽情形，使督勤人員無法由巡邏表得知巡邏人員有無落實巡邏勤務。倘因遇下雨天，則巡邏表可能因沾濕而致書寫不易或字跡暈染而讓人不易辨識。另督勤人員為督核巡簽情形，須逐章審核紙本巡邏簽章表，審核過程也容易因人為疏失而導致遺漏，無法完整了解巡簽情形。雖有部份警察機關推行電子巡邏箱，採用QR Code或條碼作為標籤，運用行動載具掃瞄標籤，然卻忽略QR Code隱藏資安風險，且條碼可以被任意複製，可能引發資安危機。本研究試圖利用近場通訊技術結合全球衛星定位技術，透過個人生物辨識技術的運用，有效防止代簽行為，以期取代紙本巡邏簽章及電子巡邏簽章諸多缺點，促進督勤、巡邏行動化，便利督勤人員查核作業及並提升巡邏作業效率，有效管控治安要點巡簽情形並落實巡邏勤務。
Patrol duty is one of the most important police duties. It could increase police visibility, find out the problems actively and prevent dangers, and is also the most common way of duty for police to execute. Due to the importance of patrol duty, supervisor depends on the supervising management mechanism, to expect the police can actually do his patrol duty, and then prevent the crime. But for now, police still uses an traditionally patrol duty form signing. In this way, it would reveal a lot of disadvantages, such as: police can edit every patrolled time whenever he wants, signing in advance before he does his patrol, or police can sign for the other police, moreover, if someone forgot to sign on the form, he can complement later. Therefore, patrol duty form cannot help supervisor to supervise whether the police does his patrol duty or not. If it was raining, the patrol duty form might be wet and hardly writing, or the word would be too blurry to recognize. Also, when the supervisor needs to check the situation of patrol, then he needs to look over every piece of patrol duty form. This examining procedure can also have some Artificial mistakes and cause problems, so that the supervisor cannot realize the situation of patrolling and signing clearly. Though part of police organizations popularize electronic patrol boxes, using QR Code and bar code to be a tag, and having mobile device to scan the tag. But they do not aware that using QR Code might implanted malware or bar code is copied security worries. This research tries to combine the technologies of Near Field Communication (NFC) and global positioning systems together. By using personal biometric technology can effectively defend that someone signs the form for another one. Also, hope it can replace the flaws of paper and electronic patrol duty signing, push supervising and patrolling to mobility, be easier for supervisor to check and improve the efficiency of patrolling, control the situation of patrolling the crime hotspots, and assure the work of patrol duty.
Keywords: NFC, GPS, M-Supervision, M-Patrol